Saturday , February 16 2019

Puppy dog ​​health care and growth

Newly-born puppies should pay attention to keeping warm. The indoor temperature should be above 23 degrees Celsius. When the room temperature is below 21 degrees Celsius, apply a small electric blanket and hot water bottle to increase the temperature, but be sure to wrap it with a towel to avoid burning the puppy. Generally, there are no special circumstances, like a baby, most of the time is to sleep and eat milk, if there is a call, restless should consider whether the temperature is low, whether the bitch cleans the puppy on time (because the puppy’s size is The bitch is cleaned up, the milk is sufficient, and the weak dog can be given artificial help, so that the weak dog can eat or manually feed some milk powder.

Newborn puppies do not have hearing and vision. They usually open their eyes for about 2 weeks, and they can hear with the opening of the ear canal between 13 and 17 days. The dog can be trimmed with nails for about 20 days. The dog is irritating and the puppies do not stop using the forelimbs to knead the breasts of the bitches when they are breastfeeding. If they are not trimmed in time, they can easily scratch the abdomen of the bitch. But be careful not to cut too short, just cut the front fingertips.

While the baby is growing up healthily, you should also care about the dog mother. You should feed the bitch with some nutritious food. It is best to eat the puppies and dogs and foods to avoid the lack of milk caused by malnutrition and affect the healthy growth of the puppies.

How to care for newborn puppies and puppies

In normal and healthy conditions, each newborn puppy will be squeezed to eat milk shortly after birth. In the first day or two of his life, the puppy absorbs antibodies from the mother’s colostrum to protect it from the first six to ten weeks. Most puppies rely entirely on breastfeeding in the first few weeks (be sure to have the puppies in their nests have their own milk). In the future, we will decide on the best time to introduce solid food and start weaning. The bitch keeps the puppies clean and cleans their faeces, so you often have to change the newspapers in the farrower.

The puppy that just gave birth is awkward and awkward. It took only ten to four days to open my eyes, but I had to wait another seven days to see things. Between 13 and 17 days of birth, the hearing begins to function as the ear channel opens.

You Should be Aware from something that’s here :

1. Claws. You may need to trim the puppy’s claws between fourteen and twenty-one days, as the puppy’s kneading reflex movement during breastfeeding will scratch the mother’s lower abdomen. Baby’s nail clippers must be used to trim the puppy’s paws.

2. Sleep and rest. Like a baby, a puppy’s sleep skills are amazing. A well-nourished puppy eats milk in addition to sleeping within a week of birth. In the future, their activity will gradually increase, and they will sway and crawl until around three weeks. By the 12th cto the 14th week, you will notice that the dog’s activity time is between the original sleep cycles.

3. Keep the puppy warm. Temperature is a problem that must be carefully watched. The temperature at which the puppy develops in the womb is 38.5 degrees, although the maternal temperature will drop before birth, but it is still a test when the puppy is born wet. Soaked newborn puppies are prone to cold, but there are no signs within 48 hours of birth to show that they are getting an irresistible infection. When the newborn puppy grows for seven to ten days, it can’t make the hair rise to form an excellent protective layer. Therefore, the heat regulation ability is very poor, and the body temperature often rises and falls with the surrounding environment. Seven days later, although there was some thermal regulation, this ability was not particularly effective until the age of four. That’s why you have to provide supplemental calories for at least the first two weeks, even if the puppy is in the bitch’s nest. You should keep the room temperature at 30-33 degrees. Another method is to keep the room thermostat at 21 degrees and provide extra heat to the puppy’s bed. Allow room temperature to drop by 3 degrees every two weeks.

4. Check for weak dogs. Healthy puppies are dry, warm and full, and the skin is elastic. When you pick them up, you will do a twisting reaction. The frail puppy feels soft and wet, the skin is not elastic, and the wrinkles that are pinched by the hand will be tent-like. A happy and healthy puppy will make a soft squeak, interrupted by snoring and screams from time to time when hungry or eating. Frail puppies can’t settle down, they crawl and crawl, waste energy and whimper, and finally lie slouched in the corner. Pay attention to which puppies can’t eat milk. It is possible that one or two puppies will miss the chance to eat milk until they are weak and will not eat any more. A puppy like this needs special care and consult a veterinarian if necessary.

Health care for 2 month old puppies

The life of puppies should be regular. Feeding should be timed, quantitative, and balanced. Can not let puppies develop a bad cause of picky eaters and lead to nutritional disorders. Be careful to prevent hypervitaminosis (especially vitamin A or D) or calcium deficiency. Puppies should not eat too much, usually 7 to 8 minutes full. No feeding deterioration

Food, it is best to wash the food bowl every time you feed, so as to prevent diarrhea or food poisoning.

Pay close attention to the condition of the puppies and determine whether they are normal. The frequency of stools generally varies with the age of the dog. In January, the big dog is several times a day, and it is about three times a day in February. The number of stools is related to the type of food: when feeding meat and rice, the amount and frequency of feces are less; when the starchy food is fed, the number and amount of starch are more. Pay attention to the color and gas of puppies

Flavor and presence or absence of insects. Normal feces are strip-shaped, moderately soft and hard, usually yellowish. However, it is also affected by food. When there is more meat or when feeding some liver, the stool is generally black. The number of urinations also varies with the age of the dog. The big dog in January is about 2 hours, and the big dog in February is about 5-6 times a day. The urine is light yellow and clear and transparent for health. The first time I pee in the morning, the color is slightly darker, but if the urine color is found to be deep, it is necessary to suspect that it is ill, it is best to go to the animal hospital for examination.

It is best to go to the animal hospital for a physical examination every month to test the big and small urine, and to remove the intestinal parasites if necessary. Note: Look for animal hospitals with good reputation and good facilities.

Puppies are afraid of cold, so whether it is winter or summer, pay attention to the warmth of the puppies.

Don’t let the puppies’ abdomen touch the ground for a long time, so it is easy to catch cold, causing diarrhea or a cold.

Whether it is a small dog or a dog, it is not advisable to take a walk on the road until 5 months ago. Since the puppies’ bones are not fully developed, long walks can cause bone deformation in the limbs; at the same time, they are highly susceptible to disease. You can play and exercise properly indoors or in the courtyard. When the sun is not too strong and the outdoor temperature is not too high, the puppies are sunbathing and sunbathing, which is good for bone growth.

A 2 month old puppies should be able to start a good habit of education. First, give the dog a good name, often call its name, let her know that it is called her, establish a conditioned reflex, make it come. Customary education for fixed-point urine can also begin. Although the puppies before 4 months old will not urinate, they will have urine and urine. It will take 4 months to suffocate, but they can be taught step by step.

Injection is very important! ! !

At 2 months after birth, antibodies from the mother have almost disappeared, and various viral diseases are likely to occur. Therefore, the most important thing is to vaccinate the vaccines such as canine distemper, canine parvovirus and infectious hepatitis. Resistance (antibody) is produced approximately 2 weeks after vaccination. At about 2 months, if you have not been vaccinated, and if the epidemic is prevalent or may be infected, you can directly inject the serum against the virus, directly enhance the body’s resistance, and then vaccinate after 2 weeks.

Feeding and weaning

If all goes well, a litter of puppies will eat breast milk quickly, until three weeks to five weeks. In the meantime, in addition to the bitch’s milk, you can start to add other foods. At the same time, the puppy can learn to eat from a shallow dish. This will avoid affecting the growth of the puppy due to the reduction of the mother’s milk, and will naturally reduce the milk production of the bitch.

Let the puppy weaning away from the bitch

The first step in weaning is to mix the baby cereals into a liquid mixture, and put a little on the end of the finger or teaspoon handle and put it into the mouth of each puppy.

When using solid foods for the first time, if you want to use fresh meat, you should add bone meal to supplement calcium. If the puppy is more than three weeks old, feed directly with raw ground beef and add bone meal.

You can alternately use specially prepared canned puppies. Even when you can pack whole meat adult dog food, it is more balanced in nutrition than fresh meat, but you also need to add some bone powder. No matter what kind of food is used, it must be finely ground. In order to make the canned meat more easily eaten by the dog, you can pour a small amount (less than 10% by volume) of hot water and then use a knife to break it. When the amount of milk that the bitch can provide is reduced, the puppy is given more artificial feeding. As babies require more frequent feeding, puppies are fed more frequently than adult dogs, both for rapid growth and for good development. The calorie requirement of a puppy is four times that of a dog in terms of unit weight.

If the bitch still has enough milk to raise the puppy, then don’t be too eager to wean a litter of puppies. However, if the puppy has not been weaned for five weeks, it should be started seriously, starting with meat. In general, until six weeks of age, the puppy only needs to get a very small portion of the bitch (if you want to eat some milk) nutrition.

Gradually forming adult eating habits

Until around 12 weeks of age, the puppy usually takes the initiative to lose interest in the feeding, so a milk meal can be subtracted. Usually three times a day can last up to half a year old, then two times a day until nine months. The next step is to feed two meals a day or to reduce it to a meal, depending in part on the environment, depending in part on the dog itself. In general, a small dog for play is better to feed two meals a day.

Correct feeding method

Don’t let the puppy become a busy eater. When you put down the food for the puppy, bring it to the food and then leave quietly. Don’t expect to find the puppy as long as you put down the food. Leave 20-30 minutes for the meal time and then remove it. Sometimes the leftovers can be covered and refrigerated, and the next time you add a little gravy or soup, then give the puppy a meal. The food must be removed after 20-30 minutes, otherwise the food will dry out and lose its taste.

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